Category Archives: Art

Assorted sketches, drawings, and paintings for your amusement.

RPG Concept Pixel Art

In my mind, I always tend to group Another Star with two other titles: Freedom Planet and Shovel Knight. All three came out around the same time, and all three take heavy inspiration from a past system; Freedom Planet from the Genesis/MegaDrive, Shovel Knight from the NES, and Another Star from the Master System. Freedom Planet and Shovel Knight are far more polished—and exceedingly more popular—than Another Star, so the comparison may seem a bit silly, but I just can’t help but consider them “sibling” games.

This past Christmas day, GalaxyTrail made a surprise announcement with a rather amazing trailer for Freedom Planet 2. For whatever reason, the exhilaration of the trailer mixed with seeing Another Star‘s sibling series make such a splash again made me feel more than a little nostalgic, and I couldn’t help but think about Another Star.

I’ve noted many times before when asked that there’s really no plans for a sequel to Another Star, and that much is still true for the most part. I’d like to come back to the game eventually and give it a spiritual successor to build on the battle system, if not necessarily a direct sequel. But I didn’t really want my next game to just be more of the same thing, and I didn’t want to get pigeon-holed as a retro-pixel-art RPG developer and nothing more. Yet in the nearly two years now following Another Star‘s 2014 release, I still don’t have much progress on a second game other than the few prototypes I’ve posted here.

Thinking about what little plans I’ve had floating around in my head for a direct follow-up to Another Star, my internal creativity insisted on expressing itself somehow and so I wasted my time cobbling together a mock-up of what I imagined the battle system of a theoretical Another Star 2 might look like. This is the result of that initial spark of imagination, which I originally posted on Twitter on the 27th of last month:

Battle Scene

Enemies approach with non-square pixels!

Again, keep in mind that this and everything else in this post are merely mockups and conjecture. No game and no gameplay exist. Right now they’re just concepts and ideas and nothing more, and they may well never be anything more than that.

Still, right off the bat it’s apparent that this looks a little more advanced than a Master System title. It’s quite a bit closer to the TurboGrafx-16 (aka the PC Engine), honestly. Ignoring the palette, which is based directly off the 8-bit master palette used to derive Another Star‘s mere 16 colors, the enemies are sprites instead of background tiles like most NES games have for RPGs. (The three player party members depicted against the black background would be tiles instead.)

The NES and Master System were both limited to, at most, eight sprites per scanline, and each sprite was exactly eight pixels wide. This is why so many 8-bit games have a huge problem with their sprites flickering. They’d end up on the same horizontal line of pixels and some of them would get ignored. However, the battle screen above has four enemies, and each enemy would be constructed of multiple 8×8 sprites. At their size (about 32 pixels wide), each enemy would need four sprites worth of width. Since the enemies are arranged horizontally, four enemies times four sprites wide means that you end up with sixteen sprites on a scanline. That’s twice the allowance for most 8-bit systems. It does adhere to the imaginary specifications of the imaginary 8-bit Vision Game System which supposedly ran the original Another Star, but I worry it could be a turn-off to those who were drawn to the original game because of the strong graphical resemblance to the NES Dragon Quest games.

Regardless, I ended up really liking how that mock-up turned out, especially the forest background which really exceeded what I thought I could accomplish. So I decided I’d do just one more concept mock-up.

In a Classroom

I never could decide how I wanted that door to look, or which tile the player would have to step on to actually exit the room.

This time I did an area map, to see how the characters might look moving about the world. Notice that they’re taller than the normal 16×16 pixel sprites of most NES overhead games. However, a couple of the later NES RPGs did use them (Crystalis and Lagrange Point, et al.), as well as the Master System’s own magnum opus Phantasy Star. On an 8-bit system, you’re using up more VRAM because larger sprites obviously take up more space, but since they’re not any wider they wouldn’t cause any extra flicker. And those extra pixels are surprisingly useful for making the characters really pop out and feel unique.

If you look closely, you’ll notice that the way the heads of the two students talking are done in the mock-up closely match the way I drew Tachi’s head in Another Star. I referenced the original game’s graphics quite a bit while doing these.

For some reason, I decided to do just one more area map.

Keeping Lookout

It’s supposed to be 8-bit, so there’s no fancy parallax scrolling for you here!

When I was nearing the end of production on Another Star, I decided that whatever the sequel or eventual spiritual follow-up to it may be, it would begin with a character in a forest, keeping watch in a look-out post. I didn’t decide why, or even what exactly they were watching for, I just knew that this was the scene I wanted to use to introduce the new hero or heroine of the game. This is a mock-up of that scene, which I decided would be more interesting in a platformer-style perspective than trying to top-down sprite an outpost tower, although I never did decide what they’re watching for, despite the character’s statement here that whoever it is, “they’re not coming back.”

(You may also notice that in this screen and most of the others there’s an extra line of spacing between the sentences, unlike the classroom. It’s something a lot of Japanese RPGs did on 8-bit systems, and I almost did this for Another Star. The extra line of tiles is for diacritical marks, which are unused in normal English but needed in Japanese and many European languages. When localized to English, some games removed those lines so they could fit more text on the screen.)

However, shortly after finishing and posting this mock-up, I realized that it would make more sense for this scene to happen at or near sunrise, because the light-skinned character still has to go home and get ready for the class she attends in the first area screen I did. So I tweaked the palette a bit.

Keeping Lookout

Can I just say that I really like this palette.

If you’re wondering what the green thing is that the light-skinned character is holding, it’s supposed to be binoculars, which would be more apparent in an actual game where the sprite could change so that she actual holds them up to her eyes from time to time.

Finally, here’s what it looks like without the dialog box cutting off a chunk of the screen:

Keeping Lookout

Honestly, it probably looked better with the dialog box in the way…

Anyway, while working on the two area maps I just went over, I started to think about the overworld map. When your sprites are 16×16 squares, they’re already sort of “symbolic” and don’t look that out-of-place when you zoom out to the world map with even more wacky scaling issues. But the taller sprites can look a bit jarring on an overworld map because they tend to appear more in-scale to the normal area maps.

Final Fantasy VI got around this by dazzling us with its fancy SNES mode 7 graphics, but I decided to play around with the Chrono Trigger route of actually making different, smaller character sprites for the overworld.

The Overworld Map

Whether it works or not is left up to the viewer.

I do like how it came out, even though it has some issues with how it tries to skirt 8-bit limitations. First off, as nice as the mountains look at that size, there’s a reason NES games tend to make a single mountain tile and just stamp it all over the place. The VRAM those mountains would eat up would be costly, and would mean less graphics for other things.

I really wanted actual sandy beaches for the coastline, but I couldn’t get it to look right while still being at least conceivably able to fit within the VRAM limitations of an 8-bit system. Still, the roundness of the coast is actually a pretty nice throw-back to the original Another Star. Really love how the bridge and little village turned out, too. The forest looks pretty good as well, although it’s a bit over-rendered in my opinion.

The river I have mixed feelings about, but I do like how there’s a shallow ford crossing near the top of the screen. That was a map feature that I originally had in Another Star that got cut fairly early on because of the tile limit. It was supposed to be used in areas that didn’t really have enough traffic to justify having a bridge built there.

After finishing this, I had three of the four main screens of a classic console-style RPG: a battle screen, an area map screen, and a world map screen. I just needed one more to complete the set: a menu screen.

Menu Screen

That thing on Dewey’s head is supposed to be a bandanna.

Here we finally find out the character’s names, even though they’re liable to change supposing I actually made this into a full-fledged game.

The layout is obviously taken directly from the original Another Star, but there’s a few things changed up. At the bottom is a “reserve” of extra party members. Another Star stuck you with three characters and set you off, but I want the player to have more power to customize their set up in any sort sequel. Combining multiple party possibilities with Another Star‘s omni-attack mechanics is an idea I’ve wanted to see realized for a long time.

I figured I’d stick the extra characters on the main screen instead of hide them, so that they don’t feel left out when they’re not in the party. And maybe the characters in the “reserve” could have some other sort of contribution somehow when they’re not in the main party?

It was at this point that I had planned to finally stopped, but there was one more thing I kind of wanted to work out, and that was how the player input their battle commands.

Battle Scene


The idea I had was that, at the end of each phase of battle, the screen would quickly scroll down to give the player their battle menu. The characters would also turn around to face the player, because I really like it when I can see who I’m playing as.

I forgot how much room Another Star‘s battle screen took up until I did this. You’ll notice the enemies are nearly pushed off the top of the screen. You’d lose even more to the overscan of a traditional television (or Another Star‘s CRT filter), and it’d even be more noticeable for big enemies like bosses.

Well, okay then, what if the screen didn’t scroll, and the menu was at the top?

Battle Scene

Okay, never mind then.

Yeah, that’s probably not going to work. Even if I set the menu tiles with a higher priority to appear above the sprites, that trooper’s head is going to be clipped and it would look just as tacky as being above it. We want to be able to see who we’re fighting, after all. What’s the point of having big, fancy enemy graphics if you can’t see them?

Well, since the game can probably only have four enemies at a time anyway if we stick with the pretend Vision Game System’s specs, maybe we could just have four lines and push the “flee” command off the bottom of the menu to make the box smaller?

Battle Scene

That’s better. Not perfect, but better.

It’s not ideal, but at least the trooper isn’t being squashed. Hopefully players would realize there’s more options, though. Ideally, the down arrow tile would be animated to go up and down a pixel so that it’d stand out more.

The trooper would probably not be the biggest enemy, though. What if we were fighting, say, some huge dragon? We’d be back at square one. Let’s try scrolling down again.

Battle Scene

Now’s as good a time as any to mention I like the forest background way more.

Okay, that’s not too bad. Especially tall or big enemies would still be lost to the overscan, perhaps, but it seems to give a lot of breathing room. I’d also really like to be able to display the player’s character’s names, but there’s hardly any room left as is.

I like this option the best, personally, but maybe you feel differently?

In any case, this is where I should have stopped, but I decided to make just one more in preparation to make this big, long blog post.

Non-Battle Encounter

The grass could use a bit of variation.

In Another Star I had a lot of self-imposed limitations when it came to the graphics, but not so much with text. Early on, one of my thoughts was that maybe not all encounters would be battles. Every now and then, when you accepted an encounter maybe you’d get some text describing how you’d just come across a wandering merchant instead. Or you’d chance across some other adventurers with news and the beginning of a side quest. Maybe it’d be a short scene describing how you came across extra loot, items, or some free EXP.

The idea was scrapped before I ever attempted to implement it, but it seems the idea has stuck with me. This concept mock-up illustrates the party chancing across a random merchant. The screen is the same as a battle, except that the party isn’t drawing their weapons. In another scenario, this setup could easily transition into a battle, though. Say you choose to help somebody, and they turn out to be bandits? It was just an interesting thought, and I wanted to see how it might actually look in-game.

In an actual game, I’m not sure how annoying these non-battle encounters could be while trying to grind, though. Then again, getting free items and EXP every now and then without having to fight could always make up for the occasional ones you have to stop and make a choice for, perhaps.

Well, that’s finally the last of the concepts I did. What are your thoughts? Is this something you’d be interested in seeing? Do you feel it strays too far from what Another Star was? How important are the 8-bit limitations of the original game to you?

Let me know in the comments!

Sketchbook Monday #97

Happy Monday Tuesday to you! Yesterday was Memorial Day here in the United States, you see. Since I was visiting with family and friends, Sketchbook Monday was delayed until today. It’s just like old times here on the blog!

Anyhow, let’s take a peek into my sketchbook and see what I doodled this past week.


A sticker with an American flag that reads "I voted".I voted in the Kentucky primary race last week, and they gave me this sticker. After running errands and returning home, I did what any other rational human being would do with a sticker. I peeled it off my shirt and put it in my sketchbook.

SketchInitial design sketch for the marine commander in the science-fiction story I’ve been showing other characters from lately. Didn’t really capture what I was looking for at all, though. He also looks too young here. He’s supposed to be in his 40s (or else the story’s timeline doesn’t work).

SketchI suppose if you took a chipmunk and genetically crossed it with some dude in middle management, this is what the result would look like.

Sketchbook Monday #96

This past week I played around with a ballpoint pen a bit, which is fun because it forces me to actually sketch instead of mucking around for a half hour just trying to doodle the underlying constructing shapes. I have a tendency to do that, which usually leads to me going over a sketch multiple times as if I were inking it. I probably need to loosen up like this more often and have more fun.

SketchGranted, without an initial underlying sketch to guide me, I kind of reverted to a really cartoony style for most of these, as you can see here.

SketchMister moon face here has quite the chin-beard.

SketchOne side of the page is blurred when I scan these, because I’ve been using a hardcover sketchbook. I can’t lay the whole thing flat without physically ripping the page out. Which would, of course, defeat the purpose of having a hardcover sketchbook in the first place.

SketchEyes are fun to draw no matter the medium.

SketchI don’t know what time it is right now, but this appears to be Jake the Dog and Finn the Human from some popular television program that’s on the cable box these days.

Sketchbook Monday #95

I keep meaning to do these, but always seem to forget about them until Monday is already gone. I usually realize it around Wednesday or so. I’ll try to get back to regular updates, but as usual, no promises. In any cases, I have quite a few neat little doodles to share with you all this week! I even have a brand new scanner, so let’s see how the quality comes out, shall we?

SketchA lot of the sketches this week are going to be of this character. His name is Rafa, and he’s one of the lead characters in a science-fiction story I’d like to do. This was one of the first sketches I did to begin getting a grasp on the art style I wanted for him. I wasn’t quite as worried about his actual design at this point, so his hair isn’t anything close to what I was looking for.

SketchHere’s a later design sketch of the same Rafa character. This was the sketch where I began to feel like his look was coming together the way I wanted.

SketchNothing really to say about this one of Rafa, other than I really like how the pose came out.

SketchThis is the point where I said, “Yes! There he is! That’s him!” The art style may not be 100% there yet, but I feel I’ve nailed the general essence of his look.

SketchA design sketch for another character. This is Sanvi, a childhood friend of Rafa. Both characters begin the story as young children, not quite teenagers yet. The story stretches over many years, so by the end they will be adults. Perhaps they will even have children of their own by then?

SketchA simple test panel of Rafa. Note that it doesn’t depict any actual scene from the story. As you might now be able to guess, I’d really like the story to be a webcomic or graphic novel of some sort, but the story as laid out is really long, so I don’t think that’s feasible without committing to a decade or more of work. I suppose the options are either scale the story back, or do it as a more traditional novel.

SketchThis character isn’t connected to the story at all. Just a random young man I felt like putting to paper for whatever reason.

SketchAnd here’s a female adventurer. She seems really thin and squished because she was sandwiched between two other sketches on the page (which I have edited out).

SketchAnd finally, a young woman sitting in a window. This appears to be a rather popular pose.

Sketchbook Monday #94

I really need to get my scanner up and running. These things are a pain to edit and place with the uneven lighting that I’m getting just snapping pictures.

SketchFelt like getting my inking pens out, and this is the result. Still got it! Really need to do more sketchbook inkings, I think.

SketchAnother sketch of the above character.

SketchHere’s another inking I did this past week. First concept design for a new character…

SketchFull body concept for the character. I don’t think she’ll end up with this outfit, even though I really like it.

SketchColin, a character of mine from ages ago that I haven’t really ever done anything with. I think he’s showed up before in a few other Sketchbook Mondays.

SketchIt’s Tachi! You should know him!

SketchA chibi pointing. Just whatever.

SketchAn environment sketch. I don’t do these nearly as much as I should. This particular one is concept art for a level motif.

Sketchbook Monday #93

It’s Sketchbook Monday! On a Wednesday! Just like old times. Monday was Labor Day here in the United States so I wasn’t planning a Monday update. Also, the Internet was out for whatever reason.

SketchWe begin with an age progression. These are usually fun to do. Here’s a character as a toddler, around age three or so.

SketchHere they are again, further into childhood. Around age nine.

SketchNow he’s a teenager, age thirteen-ish. Because of the way I placed everything on the sketchbook page, I didn’t have room to do the full bodies of these last two.

SketchFinally, the character has reached young adulthood, around age seventeen or eighteen.

SketchBonus sketch: age 118.

SketchRandom stoic girl for a story idea in my head that I likely won’t ever bother to develop. It takes place in a future where full-body transplants have become a thing. This young girl is actually an FBI agent in disguise…

SketchLike I said before, I really like doing sketches in profile. The shape of the face in profile is just a lot of fun.

SketchI tend to sketch really rough, so there’s not usually enough room to really detail the eyes. Sometimes I’ll just draw an eye by itself to work on one.

Sketchbook Monday #92

sketchThis is how my week has been.

sketchSee this dog? This dog likes to sit in the most uncomfortable places while I draw. Uncomfortable for me, that is.

sketchA self-portrait of the artist. Gotta get used to drawing myself a bit more angular. I’m not as round as I used to be. In any case, this sketch was warm-up for…

sketchA gift for my sister’s birthday. Honestly I like the sketch version better. The pen I was using didn’t work well on the glossy sleeve, as you can see. Should have gotten my good Pigma Microns out. Oh well. (A gift card goes inside the sleeve, in case you didn’t know.)

sketch“Hello. I have a square jaw. How are you?”

sketchDrawing the face in profile is always my favorite. Adding long hair makes it even more fun!

sketchIs he full of angst, or just trying to look cool?

sketchSo, apparently drawing long-haired pretty boys was a thing this week.

Sketchbook Monday #91

As you might imagine, I did a lot of sketches in the four or so years that I wasn’t doing Sketchbook Monday entries anymore. One day I might do a special entry to go back and show the highlights of what was missed, or space them out and put them at the end of normal Sketchbook Monday entries.

SketchSome random king dude, along with his regalia. It’s hard (for me, at least) to do a lot of detail work like clothing patterns and layers in sketches, not just because of how loose the line art is, but because the whole sketch tends to get smudged as I work on it.

SketchA young space pilot cadet, in gear for the first time ready for their training. Are they excited at all, or just nervous and anxious?

SketchThe cuteness! You cannot handle the cuteness!

SketchI’m not sure why, but I just really like the way this guy turned out.

SketchJust some girl, reflecting on things. Do love the way her hair turned out.

SketchSometimes I don’t bother putting clothes on people when sketching because I’m more interested in the shape and form of the human body. Other times it’s because I’m just being lazy.

SketchFelt like drawing a kid in a hoodie.

Sketchbook Monday #90

Well, this makes two weeks in a row. Hopefully this reboot of Sketchbook Monday will actually stick around for awhile.

Who doesn’t love making their own fantasy maps? (You can see the curvature of the page in the top-left corner. It annoys me to no end. Really need to get a working scanner hooked up to my system, I guess.)

And here’s a generic elf to go with it. Although, in this setting, elves are the jack-of-all-trades that humans usually are, while the “humans” of this setting are telepaths.

Sketchbook Monday #89

And here’s something I haven’t done in… (checks archives)… four years. It’s Sketchbook Monday! Yeah, I’m bringing it back! We’ll see how long it lasts. Now, if I really wanted it to be accurate, I would have waited until Tuesday to post it. Just like in the good old days.

sketchDrawn while listing to the Attack on Titan soundtrack. Because determination.

sketchCharacter concept for the military leader in a story idea where humanity tries to return and repopulate Earth after a devastating scenario which left them wanderers in space. The angle is a bit skewed because of the fact I’m taking pictures with my phone’s camera instead of properly scanning them.

sketchPretty sure this is medically accurate.

sketchDespite the fact I don’t like watching sports all that much, for some reason I really like sports uniforms. They pop up in my sketchbook quite a bit.

sketchPresented without comment.


sketchNo story. Just some chieftain of some sort.